William Gibson (born March 17, 1948) is an American author most known for his Neuromancer novel and for having coined the terms cyberspace and Matrix to refer to the Internet.
He is a key figure in the cyberpunkscience fiction subgenre. Neuromancer is a classic in that classification because it contains all the elements of it: computers, hackers, alienation and crime.
The Sprawl Trilogy: Neuromancer (1984), Count Zero (1986) and Mona Lisa Overdrive (1988): In this post-apocalyptic view, multinationals, organized crime, hackers and AI are the ones who are key in this futuristic world. There has been a technological singularity and so there are artificial intelligences everywhere, specially in cyberspace, there are brain implants and biosofts who allow people to connect to the Matrix or learn new skills, respectively, virtual reality worlds, among many others.
The Bridge Trilogy: Virtual Light (1993), Idoru, (1996) and All Tomorrow's Parties (1999).
Burning Chrome: anthology and short story of the same name. Most of this stories share the Sprawl universe.
Johnny Mnemonic: it was adapted to film in 1996, starring Keanu Reeves, part of Burning Chrome short story collection.