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Nobel Prize for Literature

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Nobel Prize Gold Medal

Gold medal which Nobel Prize laureates receive.

The Nobel Prize in Literature (often referred to as the Nobel Prize for Literature) is a prestigious international prize awarded annually to authors in recognition of their outstanding bodies of literary work. It is one of the five prizes established by the Swedish chemist and inventor Alfred Nobel (1833–1896) in his will.

Each year, the laureate is selected in October by the Nobel Committee of the Swedish Academy from a long list of candidates - usually about 200 nominations - received by the February 1 deadline. The laureate receives a gold medal and a diploma in addition to a large sum of money for the prize at a ceremony held in Stockholm.

With the exception of seven years (1914, 1918, 1935, 1940–1943), the prize has been awarded continuously since 1901. In 1904, the prize was jointly awarded to the Spanish author José Echegaray and the French author Frédéric Mistral. In 1917, it was jointly awarded to the Danish authots Karl Adolph Gjellerup and Henrik Pontoppidian. In 1966, it was jointly awarded to the Israeli author Shmuel Yosef Agnon and the German-born Swedish author Nelly Sachs. In 1974, it was jointly awarded to the Swedish authors Eyvind Johnson and Harry Martinson.

The Nobel Prize in Literature was declined by the Soviet writer Boris Pasternak in 1958 and by the French author Jean-Paul Sartre in 1966.

Winners

Year Winner
2016 Bob Dylan - Azkena Rock Festival 2010 2 Bob Dylan (Flag of the United States United States)
2015 Swetlana Alexijewitsch 2013 cropped Svetlana Alexievich (Flag of Belarus Belarus)
2014 Patrick Modiano 6 dec 2014 - 11 Patrick Modiano (Flag of France France)
2013 Alice Munro Alice Munro (Flag of Canada Canada)
2012 Mo Yan 1 2012 Mo Yan (Flag of the People's Republic of China China)
2011 Transtroemer Tomas Tranströmer (Flag of Sweden Sweden)
2010 Mario Vargas Llosa089 Mario Vargas Llosa (Flag of Peru Peru/Flag of Spain Spain)
2009 Herta Muller Herta Müller (Flag of Romania (1965-1989) Romania/Flag of Germany Germany)
2008 Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio-press conference Dec 06th, 2008-2 Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio (Flag of France France/Flag of Mauritius Mauritius)
2007 Doris Lessing 3 Doris Lessing (Flag of Persia (1910-1925) Iran/Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom)
2006 Orhan Pamuk redux Orhan Pamuk (Flag of Turkey Turkey)
2005 HaroldPinter Harold Pinter (Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom)
2004 Elfriede jelinek 2004 small Elfriede Jelinek (Flag of Austria Austria)
2003 J.M. Coetzee John M. Coetzee (Flag of South Africa South Africa)
2002 Kertész Imre cropped Imre Kertész (Flag of Hungary Hungary)
2001 1980VSNaipaul V.S. Naipaul (Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago/Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom)
2000 Gao Xingjian Gao Xingjian (Flag of the People's Republic of China China/Flag of France France)
1999 GRASSFFM Günter Grass (Flag of Germany Germany)
1998 JSJoseSaramago José Saramago (Flag of Portugal Portugal)
1997 Dario Fo-Cesena Dario Fo (Flag of Italy Italy)
1996 Szymborska 2011 (1) Wisława Szymborska (Flag of Poland Poland)
1995 Seamus Heaney (cropped) Seamus Heaney (Flag of Ireland Ireland)
1994 Oe Kenzaburo 1-2 Kenzaburō Ōe (Flag of Japan Japan)
1993 Toni Morrison 2008-2 Toni Morrison (Flag of the United States United States)
1992 Derek Walcott Derek Walcott (Flag of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia)
1991 Nadine Gordimer 01 Nadine Gordimer (Flag of South Africa (1928-1994) South Africa)
1990 Paz0 Octavio Paz (Flag of Mexico Mexico)
1989 Camilo José Cela Madrid 1996 Camilo José Cela (Flag of Spain Spain)
1988 Necip Mahfuz Naguib Mahfouz (Flag of Egypt Egypt)
1987 Joseph Brodsky 1988 Joseph Brodsky (Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union/Flag of the United States United States)
1986 WoleSoyinka2015 Wole Soyinka (Flag of Nigeria Nigeria)
1985 Claude Simon 1967 Claude Simon (Flag of France French Madagascar/France)
1984 Jaroslav Seifert 1981 foto Hana Hamplová Jaroslav Seifert (Flag of the Czech Republic Czechoslovakia)
1983 William Golding 1983 William Golding (Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom)
1982 Gabriel Garcia Marquez Gabriel García Márquez (Flag of Colombia Colombia)
1981 Elias Canetti 2 Elias Canetti (Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria/Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom)
1980 Czesław Miłosz 1986 (alt) Czesław Miłosz (Flag of Poland Poland)
1979 Odysseas Elytis 1974 Odysseas Elytis (Flag of Greece Greece)
1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer (upright) crop Isaac Bashevis Singer (Flag of Poland Poland/Flag of the United States United States)
1977 Vicente Aleixandre Vicente Aleixandre (Flag of Spain (1945 - 1977) Spain)
1976 SaulBellow Saul Bellow (Flag of Canada Canada/Flag of the United States United States)
1975 Eugenio Montale Eugenio Montale (Flag of Italy Italy)
1974 Eyvind Eyvind Johnson (Flag of Sweden Sweden)
1974 Harry Martinson Harry Martinson (Flag of Sweden Sweden)
1973 Patrick White 1973 Patrick White (Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom/Flag of Australia Australia)
1972 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F062164-0004, Bonn, Heinrich Böll Heinrich Böll (Flag of Germany West Germany)
1971 Pablo Neruda 1963 Pablo Neruda (Flag of Chile Chile)
1970 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 1974crop Alexander Solzhenitsyn (Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union)
1969 Samuel Beckett, f11 Samuel Beckett (Flag of Ireland Ireland)
1968 Yasunari Kawabata c1932 Kawabata Yasunari (Flag of Japan Japan)
1967 Asturiasisrael Miguel Ángel Asturias (Flag of Guatemala Guatemala)
1966 Agnon Shmuel Yosef Agnon (Flag of Israel Israel)
1966 Nelly Sachs 1966 Nelly Sachs (Flag of Germany Germany/Flag of Sweden Sweden)
1965 Sholokhov-1938 Mikhail Sholokov (Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union)
1964 Jean-Paul Sartre FP Jean-Paul Sartre (Flag of France France)
1963 Giorgos Seferis 1963 Giorgos Seferis (Flag of Greece (1822-1978) Greece)
1962 JohnSteinbeck crop John Steinbeck (Flag of the United States United States)
1961 Andric Ivo Ivo Andrić (Flag of SFR Yugoslavia Yugoslavia)
1960 Saint-John Perse 1960 Saint-John Perse (Flag of France France)
1959 Salvatore Quasimodo 1959 Salvatore Quasimodo (Flag of Italy Italy)
1958 1990 CPA 6257 Boris Pasternak (Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union)
1957 Camus3 Albert Camus (Flag of France French Algeria/France)
1956 JRJimenez Juan Ramón Jiménez (Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931) Spain/Flag of Puerto Rico Puerto Rico)
1955 Laxness portrett einar hakonarson 1984 Halldór Laxness (Flag of Iceland Iceland)
1954 Ernest Hemingway 1950 crop Ernest Hemingway (U.S. flag, 48 stars United States)
1953 Sir Winston S Churchill Winston Churchill (Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom)
1952 François Mauriac 1952 François Mauriac (Flag of France France)
1951 Lagerkvist Pär Lagerkvist (Flag of Sweden Sweden)
1950 Bertrand Russell transparent bg Bertrand Russell (Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom)
1949 Carl Van Vechten - William Faulkner William Faulkner (U.S. flag, 48 stars United States)
1948 T.S. Eliot, 1923 T.S. Eliot (US 38 Star Flag concentric circles United States/Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom)
1947 André Gide 1947 André Gide (Flag of France France)
1946 Hermann Hesse 1927 Photo Gret Widmann Hermann Hesse (Flag of Germany Germany/Flag of Switzerland Switzerland)
1945 Gabriela Mistral-01 Gabriela Mistral (Flag of Chile Chile)
1944 Johannes Vilhelm Jensen 1944 Johannes Vilhelm Jensen (Flag of Denmark Denmark)
1943 No prize awarded
1942 No prize awarded
1941 No prize awarded
1940 No prize awarded
1939 FransSillanpaa02 Frans Eemil Sillanpää (Flag of Finland Finland)
1938 PearlSBuck Pearl S. Buck (U.S. flag, 48 stars United States)
1937 Roger Martin du Gard 1937 Roger Martin du Gard (Flag of France France)
1936 Eugene O'Neill 1936 Eugene O'Neiill U.S. flag, 48 stars United States)
1935 No prize awarded
1934 Luigi Pirandello 1932 Luigi Pirandello (Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy)
1933 Ivan Bunin (sepia) Ivan Bunin (Flag of Russia Russian Empire/Flag of France France)
1932 John galsworthy John Galsworthy (Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom)
1931 Erik Axel Karlfeldt 1931 Erik Axel Karlfedt (Flag of Sweden Sweden)
1930 Sinclair Lewis 1930 Sinclair Lewis (U.S. flag, 48 stars United States)
1929 Thomas Mann 1929 Thomas Mann (Flag of Germany Germany)
1928 Sigrid Undset crop Sigrid Undset (Flag of Denmark Denmark/Flag of Norway Norway)
1927 Henri Bergson (Nobel) Henri Bergson (Flag of France France)
1926 Grazia Deledda 1926 Grazia Deledda (Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy)
1925 G Bernard Shaw George Bernard Shaw (Flag of Ireland Ireland)
1924 Wladyslaw Reymont 1924 Władysław Reymont (Flag of Poland Poland)
1923 William Butler Yeats 1 W.B. Yeats (Flag of Ireland Ireland)
1922 Jacinto Benavente Jacinto Benavente (Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931) Spain)
1921 AnatoleFrance Anatole France (Flag of France France)
1920 Knut Hamsun Knut Hamsun (Flag of Norway Norway)
1919 Carl spitteler 1905 Carl Spitteler (Flag of Switzerland Switzerland)
1918 No prize awarded
1917 Henrik Pontoppidan 1917 Henrik Pontoppidan (Flag of Denmark Denmark)
1917 Karl Gjellerup Karl Adolph Gjellerup (Flag of Denmark Denmark)
1916 Johan Krouthén - Porträtt av Verner von Heidenstam Verner von Heidenstam (Flag of Sweden Sweden)
1915 Romain Rolland 1915 Roman Rolland (Flag of France France)
1914 No prize awarded
1913 Rabindranath Tagore in 1909 Rabindranath Tagore (British Raj Red Ensign India)
1912 Gerhart Hauptmann nobel Gerhart Hauptmann (Flag of the German Empire German Empire)
1911 Maurice Maeterlinck Maurice Maeterlinck (Flag of Belgium Belgium)
1910 Adolf Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel 042 Paul von Heyse (Flag of the German Empire German Empire)
1909 Selma henry b goodwin Selma Lagerlöf (Flag of Sweden Sweden)
1908 Rudolf Christoph Eucken Rudolph Christoph Eucken (Flag of the German Empire German Empire)
1907 RudyardKipling1880s Rudyard Kipling (British Raj Red Ensign India/Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom)
1906 Carducci Giosuè Carducci (Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy)
1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz Henryk Sienkiewicz (Military ensign of Vistula Flotilla of Congress Poland Poland)
1904 Clement-Frederic-Mistral Frédéric Mistral (Flag of France France)
1904 JoseEchegaray José Echegaray (Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931) Spain)
1903 Bjornson Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson (Union Jack of Sweden and Norway (1844-1905) Norway)
1902 T-mommsen-2 Christian Matthias Theodor Mommsen (Flag of the German Empire German Empire)
1901 Sully-Prudhomme Sully Prudhomme (Flag of France France)

External links

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